Unlawful assault

Summary Offences Act 1966 (Vic) s 23

Magistrates' Court sentencing outcomes, 1 July 2020 to 30 June 2023

Charge data

In the Magistrates' Court, 17,225 charges of unlawful assault were sentenced in the three years to 30 June 2023. The most common sentence for a charge of this offence was imprisonment (38.6%, or 6646 of 17,225 charges).

On SACStat, a charge is a single count of a sentenced offence. Charge data is most useful in understanding how a specific crime is usually sentenced.

Case data

In 12,907 cases sentenced in the Magistrates' Court in the three years to 30 June 2023, each case included at least 1 charge of unlawful assault. In those 12,907 cases, 11,260 people were male and 1,647 people were female. The most common sentence was imprisonment (36.6%, or 4724 of 12,907 cases).

A case is a collection of one or more charges against a person or company sentenced at the one hearing. Case data is most useful in understanding the total sentence usually imposed on people found guilty of a particular crime.

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Figure 1: Sentencing outcomes for all charges of unlawful assault (17,225 charges)

Note: The graph only includes data for the most severe sentence imposed for the charge. For example, only imprisonment is included for combined orders of imprisonment and a community correction order. Other in the graph may include probation, recognizance release orders (for Commonwealth offences) and residential treatment orders. Historical offences may include suspended sentences.

Bar graph of sentencing outcomes for charges
Figure 2: Imprisonment lengths for charges of unlawful assault (769 charges)

Note: The graph only includes imprisonment that was not part of an aggregate sentence (non-aggregate imprisonment).

Bar graph of imprisonment for charges
Figure 3: Community correction order lengths for charges of unlawful assault (4,725 charges)
Bar graph of community correction orders for charges
Figure 4: Fine amounts for charges of unlawful assault (1,835 charges)

Note: The graph only includes fines that were not part of an aggregate sentence (non-aggregate fines).

Bar graph of fines for charges
Figure 5: Sentencing outcomes for charges of unlawful assault by financial year (17,225 charges)

Note: The graph only includes data for the most severe sentence imposed for the charge. For example, only imprisonment is included for combined orders of imprisonment and a community correction order. Other in the graph may include probation, recognizance release orders (for Commonwealth offences) and residential treatment orders. Historical offences may include suspended sentences.

Bar graph of yearly sentencing outcomes for charges
Figure 6: Number of charges of unlawful assault by financial year (17,225 charges)
Bar graph of charges by financial year
Figure 7: Average imprisonment lengths for charges of unlawful assault by financial year (769 charges)

Note: The graph only includes imprisonment that was not part of an aggregate sentence (non-aggregate imprisonment).

Bar graph of imprisonment for charges by financial year
Figure 8: Average community correction order lengths for charges of unlawful assault by financial year (4,725 charges)
Bar graph of community correction orders for charges by financial year
Figure 9: Average fine amounts for charges of unlawful assault by financial year (1,835 charges)

Note: The graph only includes fines that were not part of an aggregate sentence (non-aggregate fines).

Bar graph of  fines amounts for charges by financial year
Figure 10A: Sentencing outcomes for all people for cases of unlawful assault (12,907 cases)

Note: Other in the graph may include probation, recognizance release orders (for Commonwealth offences) and residential treatment orders. Historical offences may include suspended sentences.

Bar graph of sentencing outcomes
Figure 10B: Sentencing outcomes for males for cases of unlawful assault (11,260 cases)

Note: Other in the graph may include probation, recognizance release orders (for Commonwealth offences) and residential treatment orders. Historical offences may include suspended sentences.

Bar graph of sentencing outcomes for males
Figure 10C: Sentencing outcomes for females for cases of unlawful assault (1,647 cases)

Note: Other in the graph may include probation, recognizance release orders (for Commonwealth offences) and residential treatment orders. Historical offences may include suspended sentences.

Bar graph of sentencing outcomes for females
Figure 10D: Sentencing outcomes for people aged 18 to 24 for cases of unlawful assault (1,818 cases)

Note: Other in the graph may include probation, recognizance release orders (for Commonwealth offences) and residential treatment orders. Historical offences may include suspended sentences.

Bar graph of sentencing outcomes for people aged 18 to 24
Figure 10E: Sentencing outcomes for people aged 25 to 54 for cases of unlawful assault (10,258 cases)

Note: Other in the graph may include probation, recognizance release orders (for Commonwealth offences) and residential treatment orders. Historical offences may include suspended sentences.

Bar graph of sentencing outcomes for people aged 25 to 54
Figure 10F: Sentencing outcomes for people aged 55 and over for cases of unlawful assault (798 cases)

Note: Other in the graph may include probation, recognizance release orders (for Commonwealth offences) and residential treatment orders. Historical offences may include suspended sentences.

Bar graph of sentencing outcomes for people aged 55 and over
Figure 11: Imprisonment lengths for cases of unlawful assault (4,724 cases), including imprisonment only (3,003 cases) and imprisonment combined with a community correction order (CCO) (1,721 cases)
Bar graph of imprisonment
Figure 12: Non-parole periods for cases of unlawful assault (3,003 cases)

Note: Imprisonment terms do not include a community correction order.

Bar graph of non-parole periods
Figure 13: Community correction order lengths for cases of unlawful assault (4,804 cases), including community correction orders without imprisonment (3,083 cases) and community correction orders combined with imprisonment (1,721 cases)
Bar graph of community correction orders
Figure 14A: Sentencing outcomes for all people for cases of unlawful assault by financial year (12,907 cases)

Note: Other in the graph may include probation, recognizance release orders (for Commonwealth offences) and residential treatment orders. Historical offences may include suspended sentences.

Bar graph of yearly sentencing outcomes
Figure 14B: Sentencing outcomes for males for cases of unlawful assault by financial year (11,260 cases)

Note: Other in the graph may include probation, recognizance release orders (for Commonwealth offences) and residential treatment orders. Historical offences may include suspended sentences.

Bar graph of yearly sentencing outcomes for males
Figure 14C: Sentencing outcomes for females for cases of unlawful assault by financial year (1,647 cases)

Note: Other in the graph may include probation, recognizance release orders (for Commonwealth offences) and residential treatment orders. Historical offences may include suspended sentences.

Bar graph of yearly sentencing outcomes for females
Figure 14D: Sentencing outcomes for people aged 18 to 24 for cases of unlawful assault by financial year (1,818 cases)

Note: Other in the graph may include probation, recognizance release orders (for Commonwealth offences) and residential treatment orders. Historical offences may include suspended sentences.

Bar graph of yearly sentencing outcomes for people aged 18 to 24
Figure 14E: Sentencing outcomes for people aged 25 to 54 for cases of unlawful assault by financial year (10,258 cases)

Note: Other in the graph may include probation, recognizance release orders (for Commonwealth offences) and residential treatment orders. Historical offences may include suspended sentences.

Bar graph of yearly sentencing outcomes for people aged 25 to 54
Figure 14F: Sentencing outcomes for people aged 55 and over for cases of unlawful assault by financial year (798 cases)

Note: Other in the graph may include probation, recognizance release orders (for Commonwealth offences) and residential treatment orders. Historical offences may include suspended sentences.

Bar graph of yearly sentencing outcomes for people aged 55 and over
Figure 15A: Number of cases of unlawful assault by financial year for all people (12,907 cases)
Bar graph of cases by financial year for all people
Figure 15B: Number of cases of unlawful assault by financial year for males (11,260 cases)
Bar graph of cases by financial year for males
Figure 15C: Number of cases of unlawful assault by financial year for females (1,647 cases)
Bar graph of cases by financial year for females
Figure 15D: Number of cases of unlawful assault by financial year for people aged 18 to 24 (1,818 cases)
Bar graph of cases by financial year for people aged 18 to 24
Figure 15E: Number of cases of unlawful assault by financial year for people aged 25 to 54 (10,258 cases)
Bar graph of cases by financial year for people aged 25 to 54
Figure 15F: Number of cases of unlawful assault by financial year for people aged 55 and over (798 cases)
Bar graph of cases by financial year for people aged 55 and over
Figure 16: Average imprisonment lengths for cases of unlawful assault by financial year (4,724 cases), including imprisonment without a community correction order (3,003 cases) and imprisonment combined with a community correction order (CCO) (1,721 cases)
Bar graph of imprisonment by financial year
Figure 17: Average imprisonment lengths and non-parole periods (NPPs) for cases of unlawful assault by financial year (263 cases)

Note: NPP Cases in the graph indicates that only cases with a non-parole period are included.

Bar graph of imprisonment and non-parole periods by financial year
Figure 18: Average community correction order (CCO) lengths for cases of unlawful assault by financial year, including community correction orders without imprisonment (3,083 cases) and community correction orders combined with imprisonment (1,721 cases)
Bar graph of community correction orders by financial year

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