About SACStat

SACStat is an online database of sentencing statistics for offences sentenced in Victoria’s adult criminal courts. The database includes statistics for over 200 offence types sentenced in the higher courts (the County and Supreme Courts of Victoria) between 1 July 2013 and 30 June 2018 and nearly 500 offence types sentenced in the Magistrates' Court of Victoria between 1 July 2013 and 30 June 2016.

What Offences Are Included in SACStat?

The higher courts data includes offence types sentenced under Victorian legislation, Commonwealth legislation and common law. To be included in SACStat, an offence must have had at least 10 charges sentenced in the higher courts of Victoria over the five-year period.

The Magistrates’ Court data includes offence types sentenced under Victorian legislation and common law but excludes offences under Commonwealth legislation. To be included in SACStat, an offence must have had at least 40 charges sentenced in the Magistrates’ Court of Victoria over the three-year period.

What Data Is Included for Each Offence?

For each offence included in SACStat, a range of sentencing data is shown:

  • sentence type imposed for cases and charges
  • outcomes, such as sentence length and fine amount, for each sentence type
  • age and gender of offenders for cases.

What Is the Difference Between a Charge and a Case?

SACStat includes data on charges and cases sentenced in Victorian courts:

  • a charge is a single proven count of an offence
  • a case is a collection of one or more charges against a person sentenced at the one hearing.

The sentence types shown for charges represent the most serious penalty imposed on that charge. For example, it is possible for a fine and community correction order to be imposed on a single charge. This charge would be counted only once, and is included in SACStat under Community Correction Orders for the relevant offence.

The sentence imposed on a case is known as the total effective sentence. For imprisonment sentences (including suspended sentences), the total effective sentence is the total of the sentences imposed for all offences, after factoring in whether these will be served cumulatively or concurrently, but before the non-parole period has been set. The total effective sentence is also known as the ‘head sentence’.

For non-custodial sentences, the total effective sentence is the most severe penalty imposed on an offender for all their charges at the one hearing. For example, in a case in which fines and community correction orders are imposed on charges, the total effective sentence is a community correction order.

Does SACStat Include Sentences Adjusted on Appeal?

Higher courts data incorporates decisions made by the Court of Appeal as at 30 June 2018. Magistrates’ Court data does not incorporate appeal decisions.

Further Information

If you’d like to know more about using SACStat, check out our How to Use SACStat page.

For information about concepts and counting rules, consult our Technical Notes.

You can find terms used in SACStat in our Glossary.

Feedback

We welcome your feedback on SACStat. You can provide feedback to us via our Contact Us page, or email us at contact@sentencingcouncil.vic.gov.au.

Last update 10 May 2019 © Sentencing Advisory Council, State of Victoria, 2019

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