SACStat is a database of sentencing statistics for offences sentenced in Victoria’s adult criminal courts. The database includes statistics for over 200 offences sentenced in the higher courts (the County Court and the Supreme Court) of Victoria between 1 July 2014 and 30 June 2019 and over 500 offences sentenced in the Magistrates' Court of Victoria between 1 July 2016 and 30 June 2019.
The higher courts data includes offences sentenced under Victorian legislation, Commonwealth legislation and common law. To be included in SACStat, an offence must have had at least 10 charges sentenced in the higher courts of Victoria over the five-year period.
The Magistrates’ Court data includes offences sentenced under Victorian legislation and common law but currently excludes offences under Commonwealth legislation. To be included in SACStat, an offence must have had at least 40 charges sentenced in the Magistrates’ Court of Victoria over the three-year period.
For each offence in SACStat, the sentencing data shows:
SACStat includes data on charges and cases sentenced in Victorian courts:
The sentence types shown for charges represent the most serious penalty imposed on the charge. For example, it is possible for both a fine and a community correction order to be imposed on a single charge. This charge would be counted only once and would be included in SACStat under community correction orders for the relevant offence.
The sentence imposed on a case is known as the 'total effective sentence'. For imprisonment sentences (including suspended sentences), the total effective sentence is the total of the sentences imposed for all charges, after factoring in whether these will be served cumulatively (at the same time) or concurrently (one after the other) but before the non-parole period has been set. The total effective sentence is also known as the ‘head sentence’.
For non-custodial sentences, the total effective sentence is the most severe penalty imposed on an offender for all their charges at the one hearing. For example, in a case in which fines and community correction orders are imposed on charges, the total effective sentence would be a community correction order.
Higher courts data incorporates decisions made by the Court of Appeal as at 30 June 2019. Magistrates’ Court data does not currently incorporate appeal decisions.
If you’d like to know more about using SACStat, check out our How to Use SACStat page.
For information about concepts and counting rules, consult our Technical Notes.
You can find the definition of key terms used in SACStat in our Glossary.
We welcome your feedback on SACStat. You can provide feedback to us via our Contact Us page, or email us at firstname.lastname@example.org.