How to Use SACStat

SACStat includes statistics on:

  • outcomes for offences sentenced in the Magistrates’ Court of Victoria between 1 July 2016 and 30 June 2019
  • outcomes for offences sentenced in the higher courts (the County Court and the Supreme Court) of Victoria between 1 July 2013 and 30 June 2018.

Statistics are organised according to offence.

You can find an offence by:

  • searching for an offence name or
  • using the legislation index.

In SACStat, Magistrates’ Court outcomes and higher courts outcomes have their own offence search and legislation index. These are found in the top menu on all SACStat pages (Higher Courts Offence Search, Higher Courts Legislation Index, Magistrates’ Court Offence Search, Magistrates’ Court Legislation Index).

Offence Search

Each search page has a ‘Search by offence name' field. Enter all or part of the name of an offence into the search field and click the Search button. This will return a list of all offences matching your search. Click on an offence name in the search results to view the sentencing statistics for that offence.

If a search query fails to return a match, check your spelling or try typing in part of a word, for example, ‘caus' for ‘causing' or ‘cause'.

Boolean operators such as AND, OR, NOT or NEAR are not supported on SACStat.

Legislation Index

Each legislation index lists offences under their corresponding legislation. Acts, Regulations and Rules are listed in alphabetical order under the A to Z tabs at the top of the page. Common law offences are listed under the ‘C' tab.

Offences are ordered under the relevant legislation according to the reference (e.g. section or regulation). For example, the offence of ‘robbery’ is found under the ‘C’ tab, at the Crimes Act 1958 (Vic) offences, at section 75(1).

Click on an offence name in the legislation index to view the sentencing statistics for that offence.

If you are unable to find an offence by either search method, there may have been fewer than 40 charges of the offence sentenced in the Magistrates' Court or fewer than 10 charges of the offence sentenced in the higher courts during the reference periods.

SACStat Offences

Each offence page includes:

  • the jurisdiction (Magistrates’ Court or higher courts)
  • the offence and statutory reference
  • reference period.

Below this information is a series of tabs, each corresponding to a graph that shows information about the offence.

Magistrates’ Court Offences

Magistrates' Court sentencing data has three top-level tabs for each offence:

  • Sentence Type (Cases)
  • Sentence Type (Charges)
  • Sentence Length (Cases/Charges).

Sentence Type (Cases)

The Sentence Type (Cases) tab shows all the sentence types for cases (known as total effective sentences) that included at least one charge of the offence. The total number of cases is indicated above the graph. The graph shows the percentage of cases that received each sentence type.

You can find data on the gender and age group of offenders by clicking on the second row of tabs: All People, Males, Females, Age 18–19, Age 20–24, Age 25–34, Age 35–44, Age 45–54, Age 55+.

Sentence Type (Charges)

The Sentence Type (Charges) tab shows all the sentence types imposed for charges of the offence. The total number of charges is indicated above the graph. The graph shows the percentage of charges that received each sentence type.

Sentence Length (Cases/Charges)

The Sentence Length (Cases/Charges) tab shows the sentence length or the fine amount for both cases and charges.

The Imprisonment tab brings up three subtabs:

  • Total Effective Sentence (Cases): the total effective imprisonment sentence in months for cases of the offence
  • Non-Parole Period (Cases): the non-parole period in months for cases of the offence
  • Aggregate vs Non-Aggregate Sentence (Charges): the imprisonment length in months for charges of the offence according to whether the outcome is an aggregate sentence or a non-aggregate sentence.

The partially suspended sentence tab brings up three subtabs:

  • Total Effective Sentence (Cases): the total effective partially suspended sentence in months for cases of the offence. This is the total length of imprisonment imposed, some portion of which is ordered to be suspended.
  • Aggregate vs Non-Aggregate Sentence (Charges): the partially suspended sentence length in months for charges of the offence according to whether the outcome is an aggregate sentence or a non-aggregate sentence
  • Imprisonment Part to Serve (Charges): the length of the custodial component of the partially suspended sentence for charges of the offence according to whether the outcome is an aggregate sentence or a non-aggregate sentence.

The wholly suspended sentence tab, community correction order tab and intensive correction order tab bring up a graph showing sentence lengths in months for charges that received each outcome. Each graph has two columns: one for aggregate sentences and one for non-aggregate sentences. Under the Sentencing Act 1991 (Vic), aggregate sentences cannot exist for community correction and intensive correction, so the aggregate columns for these sentence types will be empty.

The community-based order tab shows sentence lengths in months for charges of the offence.

The fine tab includes the fine amount in dollars for charges of the offence according to whether the outcome is an aggregate fine or a non-aggregate fine.

Higher Courts Offences

Higher courts sentencing data has four top-level tabs for each offence:

  • Sentence Type (Cases)
  • Sentence Length (Cases)
  • Sentencing Outcomes (Charges)
  • Case Profile.

Sentence Type (Cases)

The Sentence Type (Cases) tab shows the sentence types imposed for cases in which the offence was the principal proven offence (i.e. the offence within a case that received the most severe sentence). The total number of cases is indicated above the graph. The graph shows the percentage of cases that received each sentence type.

You can find data on the gender and age group of offenders by clicking on the second row of tabs: All People, Males, Females, Age < 20, Age 20–24, Age 25–34, Age 35–44, Age 45–54, Age 55+.

Sentence Length (Cases)

The Sentence Length (Cases) tab organises the data for cases according to the following sentence types, each with its own tab:

  • Imprisonment
  • Non-Parole Period
  • Imprisonment by Non-Parole Period
  • Partially Suspended Sentence
  • Wholly Suspended Sentence
  • Youth Justice Centre Order
  • Community Correction Order
  • Intensive Correction Order
  • Community-Based Order
  • Fine.

Each sentence type includes:

  • the total number of cases (above the graph)
  • a graph showing the percentage of cases that received each sentence length or fine amount
  • summary statistics on the minimum, maximum and median sentence (beneath the graph).

You can find data on the gender and age group of offenders by clicking on the third row of tabs: All People, Males, Females, Age < 20, Age 20–24, Age 25–34, Age 35–44, Age 45–54, Age 55+.

The Imprisonment by Non-Parole Period tab incorporates a tile graph with data on each combination of total effective sentence and non-parole period for cases that received imprisonment. The size of each tile reflects the number of cases with that combination of total effective sentence and non-parole period. The larger the tile, the greater the number of offenders who received that combination. Hovering over a tile shows the number and percentage of cases represented by the tile.

Sentencing Outcomes (Charges)

The Sentencing Outcomes (Charges) tab brings up two subtabs:

The Sentence Type tab gives the total number of charges of the offence (above the graph), and a graph showing the percentage of charges that received each sentence type.

The Sentence Length tab organises data according to the sentence type and has the following subtabs:

  • Imprisonment
  • Partially Suspended Sentence
  • Wholly Suspended Sentence
  • Youth Justice Centre Order
  • Community Correction Order
  • Intensive Correction Order
  • Community-Based Order
  • Fine.

Each subtab includes:

  • the total number of charges of the offence (above the graph)
  • a graph showing the percentage of charges of the offence that received each sentence length or fine amount. These graphs exclude aggregate sentences, so the percentages do not add to 100% for some offences.
  • summary statistics on the minimum, maximum and median sentence (beneath the graph).

Case Profile

The Case Profile tab brings up three subtabs:

  • Age: the percentage of offenders in each age group for cases of the offence
  • Gender: the percentage of offenders of each gender (or whether the offender was a company) for cases of the offence
  • Charges (of Any Offence) Per Case: the percentage of offenders by the number of charges of any offences sentenced in the case, including the principal offence.

Insufficient data to display

For higher courts offences, graphs only display if there are 10 or more charges or cases. If the data includes fewer than 10 cases or charges, a message will read ‘Insufficient data to display'.

Data Tables

You can view the data tables for each offence by clicking on the Data Tables button above the tabs.

Offence Summaries

This version of SACStat includes offence summaries for all Magistrates’ Court offences and any higher courts offences with at least 10 charges and cases that received imprisonment. You can access an offence summary by clicking the Offence Summary button above the tabs (next to the Data Tables button). The offence summary will appear in a new window.

Offences summaries are not supported in Internet Explorer.

Printing

You can print SACStat graphs, tables and offence summaries using the print menu in your browser.

Last update 31 October 2019 © Sentencing Advisory Council, State of Victoria, 2019

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