International Imprisonment Rates

Worldwide, the United States of America had the highest imprisonment rate in 2019, at 655 prisoners per 100,000 people. Australia had an imprisonment rate of 169 prisoners per 100,000 people. As at 30 June 2018, Victoria had a rate of 119 prisoners per 100,000 people.

The graph shows the imprisonment rates for Group of Twenty Countries (G20) (excluding the European Union) and for Victoria.

Imprisonment rates per 100,000 people for Group of Twenty Countries and Victoria in 2019

Hover over a bar in the graph to display the imprisonment rate and global ranking for that jurisdiction.

Jurisdiction Imprisonment rate
United States of America 655
Russia 381
Brazil 334
Turkey 318
South Africa 286
Argentina 207
Saudi Arabia 197
Australia 169
Mexico 163
United Kingdom (England and Wales) 139
Victoria 119
China 118
South Korea 109
Canada 107
France 104
Italy 100
Indonesia 96
Germany 77
Japan 41
India 33

Note: The data in the graph and table measures the rate of prisoners per 100,000 people of all ages. Data retrieved on 4 July 2019. Please refer to the World Prison Brief for the latest statistics.

Sources: Institute for Criminal Policy Research, World Prison Brief, Highest to Lowest - Prison Population Rate; Australian Bureau of Statistics, Australian Demographic Statistics, Dec 2018, Cat. No. 3101.0 (2019); Australian Bureau of Statistics, Prisoners in Australia, 2018, Cat. No. 4517.0 (2018).