Australia's Imprisonment Rates

In June 2018, Victoria had the third lowest imprisonment rate in Australia at 152.3 prisoners per 100,000 adults. The Australian Capital Territory had the second lowest rate at 151 prisoners per 100,000 adults, and Tasmania had the lowest rate at 148.2 prisoners per 100,000 adults.

Victoria’s imprisonment rate increased by 4.7% in the 12 months to June 2018, from 145.4 prisoners per 100,000 adults in June 2017. However, it remained below the national average. The national rate of imprisonment was 221.4 prisoners per 100,000 adults, a 2.5% increase from 215.9 prisoners per 100,000 adults in June 2017.

The Northern Territory had the highest imprisonment rate in Australia, at 955 prisoners per 100,000 adults. This is significantly higher than all other states and territories. At 344.1 prisoners per 100,000 adults, the imprisonment rate in Western Australia was also substantially higher than the national average. 

Imprisonment rates per 100,000 adults for Australian states and territories, June 2018

Hover over a bar in the graph to display the imprisonment rate and the number imprisoned for each state and territory. The vertical line shows the national rate.

Jurisdiction Imprisonment rate per 100,000 adults
Northern Territory 955.0
Western Australia 344.1
Queensland 227.2
New South Wales 221.7
South Australia 218.8
Victoria 152.3
Australian Capital Territory 151.0
Tasmania 148.2
Australia 221.4

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Prisoners in Australia 2018, Cat. No. 4517.0 (2018).