Publications by Topic

Contravention of Community Correction Orders

The Council has studied the offending patterns of all offenders who received a community correction order in the first financial year after the order was introduced.

Sentencing in the Children’s Court & How the Children’s Court Could Sentence You

Our brochures explain how the Children’s Court decides what happens to children who are guilty of breaking the law.

Swift, Certain and Fair Approaches to Sentencing Family Violence Offenders: Discussion Paper

Our discussion paper considers ‘swift, certain and fair’ approaches to sentencing family violence offenders.

You be the Judge Years 9 and 10 Teachers' Kit

Our Years 9 and 10 teachers' kit looks at the offences of armed robbery, cause injury, and drug trafficking.

You be the Judge Years 11 and 12 Teachers' Kit

Our Years 11 and 12 teachers' kit looks at the offences of armed robbery, culpable driving, and murder.

A Quick Guide to Sentencing

A Quick Guide to Sentencing explains the where, when, what, and how of sentencing in Victoria.

Reoffending by Children and Young People in Victoria

The Council has examined reoffending by children and young people sentenced in the Children’s Court.

Victoria’s Prison Population 2005 to 2016

The Council has released its latest survey of Victoria’s prison population.

Annual Report 2015–2016

The Council’s Annual Report 2015-2016 describes our operations and financial position for the year.

Contravention of Family Violence Intervention Orders and Safety Notices: Prior Offences and Reoffending

The Council has examined offending by 1,898 family violence offenders over an 11-year period.

Sentencing Children in Victoria: Data Update Report

There has been a significant decline in the sentencing of children in Victoria over recent years.

Community Correction Orders: Third Monitoring Report (Post-Guideline Judgment)

The Council has examined how community correction orders were used in 2015.

Sentencing Guidance in Victoria: Report

This report forms the Council’s response to the Attorney-General’s request for advice on sentencing guidance.

Sentencing of Offenders: Sexual Penetration with a Child under 12

The Council has analysed sentencing practices for the offence of sexual penetration with a child under 12.

How Courts Sentence Adult Offenders

Our factsheet summarises what courts must consider when sentencing adult offenders.

Parole and Sentencing: Research Report

Parole and Sentencing examines trends in setting non-parole periods.

Sentencing for Contravention of Family Violence Intervention Orders and Safety Notices: Second Monitoring Report

This monitoring report examines sentencing for family violence contravention offences.

Annual Report 2014-2015

The Council's Annual Report 2014-2015 details our operations and financial position for the year.

Community Correction Orders: Second Monitoring Report (Pre-Guideline Judgment)

The Council has examined 25,000 community correction orders imposed in Victorian courts.

Guilty Pleas in the Higher Courts: Rates, Timing, and Discounts

This report analyses the effect of guilty pleas on sentences in the higher courts of Victoria.

Major Driving Offences: Current Sentencing Practices

This report examines current sentencing practices for four major driving offences.

Reoffending Following Sentence in Victoria: A Statistical Overview

Reoffending Following Sentence offers an alternative way of measuring reoffending in Victoria.

Changes to Sentencing Practice: Young Adult Offenders

This report looks at sentencing trends for young adult offenders in Victoria.

Major Drug Offences: Current Sentencing Practices

This report examines current sentencing practices for three major drug offences.

Citizen Judges

User data from the Council's online educational tool provide insights into community attitudes to offence severity.

Community Correction Orders in the Higher Courts: Imposition, Duration, and Conditions

This report examines CCOs imposed by Victorian higher courts in the 18 months to June 2013.

Exploring the Relationship between Community-Based Order Conditions and Reoffending

This report considers the relationship between community-based sentencing and reoffending.

Calculating the Baseline Offence Median: Report

This report considers the implications of the Sentencing Amendment (Baseline Sentences) Act 2014 (Vic) for current sentencing practices.

Annual Report 2013-2014

The Council's Annual Report 2013-2014 outlines our work for the year and details our outputs and financial management.

Imposition and Enforcement of Court Fines and Infringement Penalties in Victoria

The Council has responded to a request for advice on the imposition and enforcement of court fines and infringement penalties.

Court Fines and Infringement Penalties Data Methodology

Court Fines and Infringement Penalties Data Methodology details the Council's data sources and method for its fines project.

Community Correction Orders: Monitoring Report

The Sentencing Advisory Council has analysed the use of community correction orders (CCOs) in Victorian courts for the 18 months following the introduction of the order in January 2012.

Annual Report 2012-2013

The Council's Annual Report 2012-2013 outlines our work for the year and details our outputs and financial management.

Family Violence Intervention Orders and Safety Notices: Sentencing for Contravention

Family Violence Intervention Orders and Safety Notices examines contravention offences for 2004–05 to 2006–07 and 2009–10 to 2011–12.

Reoffending Following Sentencing in the Magistrates' Court of Victoria

In Reoffending Following Sentencing, the Sentencing Advisory Council examines reoffending among offenders sentenced in the Magistrates' Court of Victoria.

Victoria's Prison Population 2002 to 2012

In this paper, the Sentencing Advisory Council analyses data on Victoria's increasing prison population from 2002 to 2012.

Comparing Sentencing Outcomes for Koori and Non-Koori Adult Offenders in the Magistrates' Court of Victoria

Comparing Sentencing Outcomes for Koori and Non-Koori Adult Offenders considers sentencing in the Magistrates' Court of Victoria.

Annual Report 2011-2012

The Council's Annual Report 2011-2012 outlines our work for the year and details our outputs and financial management.

How Much Does Imprisonment Protect the Community Through Incapacitation?

How Much Does Imprisonment Protect the Community Through Incapacitation? examines the role of community protection as one of the purposes of sentencing.

Community Attitudes to Offence Seriousness

Council's Community Attitudes to Offence Seriousness considers the results of community panels conducted throughout Victoria gauging participants' judgments of offence seriousness.

Baseline Sentencing: Report

The Council's Baseline Sentencing report resulted from a request from the Attorney-General for advice on aspects of a proposed baseline sentencing scheme.

Sentencing Children and Young People in Victoria

In Sentencing Children and Young People in Victoria, the Sentencing Advisory Council considers the operation of the Children's Court of Victoria and analyses data from 2000 to 2009 on sentencing practices for children and young people in Victorian Courts.

Sentencing Children and Young People in Victoria: Launch Speech

The Sentencing Advisory Council's report on sentencing practices for children and young people in Victoria was launched by Judge Paul Grant, President of the Children's Court of Victoria.

Review of the Victorian Adult Parole System: Report

Review of the Victorian Adult Parole System represents the Sentencing Advisory Council's response to a request for advice on the legislative and administrative frameworks governing the release and management of people on parole.

Sentence Appeals in Victoria: Statistical Research Report

In Sentence Appeals in Victoria, the Sentencing Advisory Council addresses the lack of available data on the operation of sentence appeals in the Victorian Court of Appeal.

Statutory Minimum Sentences for Gross Violence Offences: Report

In Statutory Minimum Sentences for Gross Violence Offences, the Sentencing Advisory Council responds to a request for advice on the introduction of minimum sentences for gross violence offences.

Annual Report 2010-2011

The Council's Annual Report 2010-2011 outlines our work for the year and details our outputs and financial management.

Sentencing Severity for Serious and Significant Offences: A Statistical Report

Sentencing Severity for Serious and Significant Offences considers 'serious' and 'significant' offences in order to compare statutory maximum serious rankings with current sentencing practices.

Causing Serious Injury – Recklessly and Intentionally: Current Sentencing Practices

Causing Serious Injury – Recklessly and Intentionally examines data collected from sentencing remarks on 228 cases of recklessly causing series injury and intentionally causing serious injury in the higher courts in 2008–09.

Predictors of Confidence: Community Views in Victoria

Predictors of Confidence: Community Views in Victoria presents evidence about the predictors of confidence in the courts and sentencing in a random sample of 1,200 Victorians.

Predictors of Punitiveness: Community Views in Victoria

Predictors of Punitiveness considers survey data on public attitudes towards punitiveness among members of the Victorian community.

Purposes of Sentencing: Community Views in Victoria

In Purposes of Sentencing: Community Views in Victoria, the Council considers survey data on public attitudes towards the main purposes of sentencing.

Aggravated Burglary: Current Sentencing Practices

Aggravated Burglary: Current Sentencing Practices analyses sentencing remarks for offences of aggravated burglary heard in the County Court of Victoria between July 2008 and June 2009.

Does Imprisonment Deter? A Review of the Evidence

Does Imprisonment Deter? A Review of the Evidence examines the sentencing purpose of deterrence, the theories that inform it, and whether the threat of imprisonment is an effective deterrent to the commission of crime.

Alternatives to Imprisonment: Community Views in Victoria

Alternatives to Imprisonment: Community Views in Victoria is the first in a series of reports that considers survey data on public attitudes towards sentencing in Victoria.

Sentencing in the Koori Court Division of the Magistrates' Court: A Statistical Profile

In Sentencing in the Koori Court Division of the Magistrates' Court, the Sentencing Advisory Council analyses previously unpublished data on the Koori Court.

Maximum Penalties: Principles and Purposes Preliminary Issues Paper

In this preliminary issues paper, the Sentencing Advisory Council sets out the purposes for which maximum penalties have been set or altered in Victoria.

Annual Report 2009-2010

The Council's Annual Report 2009-2010 outlines our work for the year and details our outputs and financial management.

Gender Differences in Sentencing Outcomes

In Gender Differences in Sentencing Outcomes, the Sentencing Advisory Council examines differences in sentencing outcomes for males and females in Victoria.

Suspended Sentences in Victoria: Monitoring Report

In Suspended Sentences in Victoria: Monitoring Report, the Sentencing Advisory Council analyses the use of suspended sentences in Victorian courts from November 2006 to June 2009.

Suspended Sentences: Index to Interim Report and Final Report Part 1 and Part 2

The Sentencing Advisory Council has produced an index to its key reports from its review of suspended sentences.

Sentencing for Armed Robbery: A Statistical Profile

In Sentencing for Armed Robbery: A Statistical Profile, the Sentencing Advisory Council considers sentencing practices for the offence of armed robbery in the County Court of Victoria and the Supreme Court of Victoria between 2006-07 and 2007-08.

Sentence Indication: A Report on the Pilot Scheme

In Sentence Indication: A Report on the Pilot Scheme, the Sentencing Advisory Council assesses the operation of the sentence indication pilot scheme in the County Court of Victoria and the Supreme Court of Victoria.

Sentencing, Parole Cancellation and Confiscation Orders: Report

In Sentencing, Parole Cancellation and Confiscation Orders, the Sentencing Advisory Council provides advice on the relevance of parole and confiscation proceedings to sentencing.

Annual Report 2008-2009

The Council's Annual Report 2008-2009 outlines our work for the year and details our outputs and financial management.

Provocation in Sentencing Research Report

Provocation in Sentencing puts forward an approach to considering provocation in sentencing in Victoria.

Maximum Penalties for Sexual Penetration with a Child under 16: Report

The Sentencing Advisory Council has published a report advising on the maximum penalties for the offence of sexual penetration with a child under 16.

Guiding Principles for Sentencing Contraventions of Family Violence Intervention Orders

The Sentencing Advisory Council as produced guiding principles for sentencing the offence of contravention of a family violence intervention order.

Sentencing for Offences Motivated by Hatred or Prejudice

In Sentencing for Offences Motivated by Hatred or Prejudice, the Sentencing Advisory Council provides its advice on the issue of taking hatred or prejudice into account as an aggravating circumstance in sentencing.

Sentencing Practices for Breach of Family Violence Intervention Orders: Final Report

In Sentencing Practices for Breach of Family Violence Intervention Orders, the Sentencing Advisory Council looks at approaches to sentencing for breach and issues of inadequacy and inconsistency in sentencing.

Sentencing, Parole Revocation and Confiscation Orders: Discussion and Options Paper

In Sentencing, Parole Revocation and Confiscation Orders, the Sentencing Advisory Council puts forward possible options for addressing the consequences and implications of Court of Appeal decisions about the relevance of parole and confiscation proceedings to sentencing.

Driving While Disqualified or Suspended: Report

The Driving while Disqualified or Suspended Report examines the causes and consequences of driving while disqualified or suspended.

Sentencing for Sexual Penetration Offences: A Statistical Report

This statistical report looks at sentencing practices for the offences of rape, incest, and sexual penetration with a child under 16.

Maximum Penalties for Sexual Penetration with a Child under 16: Consultation Paper

The Sentencing Advisory Council has released a consultation paper as part of its review of maximum penalties for the offence of sexual penetration with a child under the age of 16.

Sentencing Outcomes for Possession of Drugs in the Magistrates' Court of Victoria

In Sentencing Outcomes for Possession of Drugs in the Magistrates' Court of Victoria, the Sentencing Advisory Council analyses sentencing practices for drug possession offences involving amphetamines, cannabis, heroin, ecstasy, and 'other' drug types.

Sentencing Outcomes for Trafficking Drugs in the Magistrates' Court of Victoria

In Sentencing Outcomes for Trafficking Drugs in the Magistrates' Court of Victoria, the Sentencing Advisory Council looks at sentencing practices between 2004-05 and 2007-08 for drug trafficking offences, including trafficking amphetamines, cannabis, heroin, ecstasy, and 'other' drug types.

Annual Report 2007-2008

The Council's Annual Report 2007-2008 outlines our work for the year and details our outputs and financial management.

Criminal Justice Diversion Program in Victoria: A Statistical Profile

Criminal Justice Diversion Program in Victoria is a statistical profile of the use of criminal justice diversion plans in the Magistrates' Court of Victoria from July 2006 to June 2007.

Measuring Public Opinion about Sentencing

In Measuring Public Opinion about Sentencing, the Sentencing Advisory Council considers some of the methodological issues associated with measuring public opinion on sentencing.

More Myths and Misconceptions

More Myths and Misconceptions reviews the research literature published since 2006 on public opinion about sentencing.

Sentencing Outcomes for Theft in the Magistrates' Court in Victoria: A Statistical Profile

This statistical profile considers sentencing practices for five theft offences.

Evaluation of Sentencing Advisory Council

In 2008, the Department of Justice commissioned an independent evaluation of the Sentencing Advisory Council.

Mandatory Sentencing: Research Paper

Mandatory Sentencing: Research Paper considers the complex issue of mandatory sentencing.

Mandatory Sentencing: Information Paper

The Sentencing Advisory Council has released an information paper on mandatory sentencing.

Breaching Intervention Orders: Report

Breaching Intervention Orders is the first of a two-part Attorney-General reference that considered the maximum penalty for breaches of family violence intervention orders and sentencing practices for this offence.

Driving while Disqualified or Suspended: Discussion Paper

This discussion paper considers the offence of driving while disqualified or suspended and research on the causes and consequences of this offence.

Suspended Sentences and Intermediate Sentencing Orders: Suspended Sentences - Final Report Part 2

In Suspended Sentences and Intermediate Sentencing Orders, the Sentencing Advisory Council recommends reforms to intermediate sentencing orders before abolition of suspended sentences in Victoria.

Homicide in Victoria: Offenders, Victims and Sentencing

In Homicide in Victoria, the Sentencing Advisory Council considers the characteristics of homicide incidents, offenders, and victims.

Driving While Disqualified or Suspended: Information Paper

This information paper is the first for the Sentencing Advisory Council's review of the offence of driving while disqualified or suspended.

Community Sentences in Victoria: A Statistical Profile

Community Sentences in Victoria analyses intensive correction orders and community-based orders imposed in Victorian courts in 2006–07.

Suspended Sentences in Victoria: A Statistical Profile

In Suspended Sentences in Victoria: A Statistical Profile, the Sentencing Advisory Council analyses the use of suspended sentences in Victorian courts between 2000-01 and 2006-07.

Annual Report 2006-2007

The Council's Annual Report 2006-2007 outlines our work for the year and details our outputs and financial management.

Maximum Penalty for Negligently Causing Serious Injury: Report

In Maximum Penalty for Negligently Causing Serious Injury: Report, the Sentencing Advisory Council provides advice on the maximum penalty for the offence of negligently causing serious injury.

Sentence Indication and Specified Sentence Discounts: Final Report

In Sentence Indication and Specified Sentence Discounts: Final Report, the Sentencing Advisory Council provides its advice on sentence indication and specified sentence discounts for guilty pleas.

Recidivism of Sex Offenders: Research Paper

In Recidivism of Sex Offenders, the Sentencing Advisory Council considers aspects of sexual offending, the characteristics of sex offenders, recidivism, and treatment programs.

Maximum Penalty for Negligently Causing Serious Injury: Information Paper

In its Maximum Penalty for Negligently Causing Serious Injury: Information Paper, the Sentencing Advisory Council provides background information on this and related offences in Victoria.

High-Risk Offenders: Post-Sentence Supervision and Detention Final Report

In High-Risk Offenders: Post-Sentence Supervision and Detention Final Report, the Sentencing Advisory Council provides advice on the merits of a continued detention scheme for high-risk offenders in Victoria.

Victoria's Prison Population 2001 to 2006

In this paper, the Sentencing Advisory Council examines factors within the criminal justice system associated with the rising prison population in Victoria between 2001 and 2006.

Judge for Yourself: A Guide to Sentencing in Australia

Judge for Yourself: A Guide to Sentencing in Australia by the Judicial Conference of Australia provides an overview of sentencing in Australia.

Sentence Indication and Specified Sentence Discounts: Discussion Paper

In Sentence Indication and Specified Sentence Discounts: Discussion Paper, the Sentencing Advisory Council considers various approaches to taking a guilty plea into account in sentencing.

Review of Maximum Penalties for Preparatory Offences: Report

In Review of Maximum Penalties for Preparatory Offences, the Sentencing Advisory Council looks at the maximum penalty for the five preparatory offences in Victoria.

Annual Report 2005-2006

The Council's Annual Report 2005-2006 outlines our work for the year and details our outputs and financial management.

High-Risk Offenders: Continued Detention and Supervision Options

High-Risk Offenders: Continued Detention and Supervision Options examines the issue of continued detention of high-risk offenders who have come to the end of their sentence.

High-Risk Offenders: Post-Sentence Supervision and Detention Discussion and Options Paper

In High-Risk Offenders: Post-Sentence Supervision and Detention - Discussion and Options Paper, the Sentencing Advisory Council puts forward options for reform to continued detention of high-risk offenders in Victoria.

Myths and Misconceptions: Public Opinion versus Public Judgment about Sentencing

In Myths and Misconceptions: Public Opinion versus Public Judgment about Sentencing, the Sentencing Advisory Council considers the methodological issues associated with gauging public opinion on sentencing.

Suspended Sentences: Final Report Part 1

In Suspended Sentences: Final Report Part 1, the Sentencing Advisory Council provides its recommendations on suspended sentences in Victoria.

Annual Report 2004-2005

The Council's Annual Report 2004-2005 outlines our work for the year and details our outputs and financial management.

Suspended Sentences: Interim Report

In Suspended Sentences: Interim Report, the Sentencing Advisory Council puts forward its provisional views on the abolition of suspended sentences and changes to intermediate sentencing orders in Victoria.

Maximum Penalties for Repeat Drink Driving: Report

The Sentencing Advisory Council has reviewed the statutory maximum sentence of imprisonment for repeat drink driving offences.

Suspended Sentences: Discussion Paper

In Suspended Sentences: Discussion Paper, the Sentencing Advisory Council poses 26 questions relating to the operation and use of suspended sentences in Victoria.

Suspended Sentences in Victoria: A Preliminary Information Paper

In Suspended Sentences in Victoria: A Preliminary Information Paper, the Sentencing Advisory Council reviews the nature and use of suspended sentences in Victoria, the main arguments against the power to suspend sentence, and possible options for reform.

Pathways to Justice: Sentencing Review 2002

In Pathways to Justice, Arie Freiberg responds to a government request to review Victorian sentencing laws.