Fines are monetary penalties that can be imposed in addition to or instead of another order, with or without recording a conviction.
Judges and magistrates have the discretion to impose a fine up to the maximum penalty for the offence. Court fines differ from infringement penalties (such as for minor traffic offences), which are fixed amounts.
The maximum amount of a fine is described in penalty units. A penalty unit is an amount of money set by parliament, and it increases every year. For the period 1 July 2018 to 30 June 2019, the value of a penalty unit is set at $161.19. For the period 1 July 2019 to 30 June 2020, the value of a penalty unit is set at $165.22.
As with terms of imprisonment, fines are set out in a penalty scale. There are 11 levels for fines in Victoria. The penalty units for each level and the corresponding monetary value for 2018–19 and 2019-20 are outlined below.
|Level||Penalty units||Monetary value 2018–19||Monetary value 2019–20|
|Level 1||There is no provision for a fine to be given for a Level 1 offence|
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