In Victoria, 43.3% of prisoners released during 2016–17 returned to prison within two years (to 2018–19). This rate is comparable to the Australian rate of 46.4%. The Northern Territory had the highest rate at 59.4%, and South Australia had the lowest rate at 37.5%.
Overall, 54.9% of prisoners released during 2016–17 in Australia returned to corrective services in the two years to 2018–19. This includes people who returned to prison as well as people who were subsequently placed on community orders.
The rate of people returning to prison following release is one measure of recidivism or repeat criminal activity.
Percentage of prisoners released during 2016–17 who returned to prison within two years
Hover over a bar in the graph to display the percentage of prisoners who returned to corrective services for each state and territory. The vertical line shows the national rate.
|Jurisdiction||Percentage of prisoners returning to prison||Percentage of prisoners returning to corrective services|
|New South Wales||50.6%||54.2%|
|Australian Capital Territory||42.4%||71.3%|
Source: Australian Productivity Commission, Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision, Report on Government Services 2020, Part C, Table CA.4 (2020).